Has Saudi Arabia and the UAE failed the Yemeni government over the Griffith crisis and the unilateral withdrawal from the ports?

Has Saudi Arabia and the UAE failed the Yemeni government over the Griffith crisis and the unilateral withdrawal from the ports?

On Tuesday morning, the Security Council adopted a draft presidential statement by Britain to support its citizen Martin Griffith, the UN Secretary-General's Special envoy for Yemen, whom the Yemeni government accuses of siding with the Houthis and their formalities in the ports of Hodeidah.

The release of the statement came hours after a meeting of President Hadi, his deputy and the Chairman of the government team of the Redeployment Committee, with the assistance of the UN Secretary-General for Political affairs, Rosemary DiCarlo, the presidency announced that it was fruitful and that the United Nations provided assurances of the commitment of its envoy to Yemen, The three terms of reference and the implementation of the Hodeidah agreement in accordance with international resolutions and Yemeni law.

"The first positive progress towards the implementation of the Hodeidah agreement is to move on to the next steps and to cooperate with the UN envoy in order to reach consultations that pave the way," said the Security Council statement, the unilateral redeployment of al-Houthi from the ports of Hodeidah, which the government rejects as a "poor play". for a lasting peace in Yemen.

The presidential statement undermined any positive results that could be said to have resulted from the president's discussions with the Secretary-General's envoy, who arrived in Riyadh to discuss the remarks contained in the President's letter regarding Griffith excesses, and the government's (recognized) reservations on actions contrary to the Sweden agreement and the terms of reference And the UN-related principles and resolutions relating to the Yemeni crisis.

The United Nations has not confirmed or denied the state-provided assistance of the United Nations Secretary-General for Political affairs, Rosemary DiCarlo, which confirmed the commitment of the United Nations and its pursuit of peace, "according to the three terms of reference of the Gulf initiative and the outcomes of the national dialogue the relevant UN resolutions and the implementation of the Sweden Agreement in accordance with the legal concept and the resolutions of the Security Council  ".

According to the agency, the Secretary-General's envoy also stressed the "importance of tripartite monitoring and verification in any deployments, respect for the legal authority and removal of impediments under the Stockholm accord."

The Yemeni government accuses Martin Griffith of exceeding the three terms of reference of the Gulf initiative, the outcomes of the national dialogue and relevant UN resolutions, and the attempt to fragment the Swedish agreement, and its implementation in line with the Houthis ' interpretations, and violates the legal concept and Security Council resolutions. "

The government's accusations to circumvent the provisions of the Agreement, the tripartite censorship of any deployment, the handover of legal forces, the tasks of the ports and the city after the Houthis withdrew, and all the accusations and remarks made by the President in his letter, the government agency confirmed that the united nation nations pledged to help through it Secretary-General DiCarlo to implement it and to oblige the UN envoy to work under it.

However, this does not appear to be a recent change at the ports of Hodeidah, which the Houthis demand the United Nations to administer and operate the inspection and control system, after fulfilling their obligations with regard to the redeployment from ports and the termination of armed manifestations in their vicinity.

British support

It is not surprising that the British support for Griffith, which seeks to legalize the mock withdrawal, under which the Houthis announced the exit of their armed forces from the three ports in Hodeidah, and handed over to other forces belonging to them in the uniforms of the "Coast Guard", considering that the implementation of the first phase of redeployment in accordance with the Swedish agreement.

After hours of announcing the Houthis and the United Nations, her foreign minister, Jeremy Hunt, hastened to complete the redeployment of al-Hodeida’s ports, welcoming the move, and considering it a tweet on his Twitter account, "beginning with the end of the worst humanitarian crisis in the world."

The British ambassador to Yemen, Michael Aron, attacked the popular and simi-official rejection of the mono-propagation play, and tweeted on his Twitter account – then-"It seems that the Yemeni cynical who criticize everything the other party is doing (i.e. the Houthis) even if it is positive (in reference to the Houthis ' claims of withdrawing from the ports of Hodeidah, they say the United Nations is naïve and the only solution is a permanent war in Yemen. "

Although Aaron retracted and apologized for the tweet later, London and her presence in the Yemeni scene became associated with the Houthis and official support for the de facto authority they impose on large areas of central, northern and western Yemen, as well as the British position on the regional role of Iran as a patron of militias and its strategic ally in the region.

The demands for the expulsion of the British ambassador and the termination of the mission of Griffith's compatriot continue to be carried out in social media outlets and in the press, and were present in the speech of the President, during his meeting with Rosemary DiCarlo, and his renewal of the accusation to the rebels in the play of the Houthis in Hodeidah, which  "created pressure and a popular rejection of all government components and institutions and before that of our government team involved in the implementation of that agreement on the ground. "

Since Sweden's December 13 agreement last year, it has been a remarkable presence of Jeremy Hunt for consultations, and from then Britain has held the reins of the Yemeni dossier in the Security Council and other international forums, but strangely according to observers, the role of the Arab coalition, especially Saudi Arabia and the UAE, has decreased and allied in their positions with the British role that promotes the continuation of al-Houthi's control over the ports of Hodeidah with a formal presence of the United Nations there.

Saudi Arabia supports Griffith

The International Crisis Group said Saudi and Emirati officials have dealt positively and widely with the unilateral redeployment announced by the United Nations and the Houthis.

In its latest report, the group added, "The positions of Saudi Arabia and the UAE on the unilateral withdrawal of the Houthis are positive, unlike the Yemeni government, which rejected the move and described it as a play."

The report referred to statements by Saudi and Emirati officials, which were confined in mid-May, to warn against the escalation of Houthi attacks on the Saudi border, and consider that escalation undermines attempts to implement the Stockholm accord, referring to the unilateral redeployment that coincided with the attacks Al-Houthi targeted oil installations and oil pipelines in Saudi Arabia.

A press conference held by the spokesman of the Arab Coalition Turki al-Maliki, days after the Houthis and the United Nations unilaterally declares about ports, did not include explicit sentences to reject unilateral redeployment, only to accuse the Houthis of procrastination and lack of seriousness in the implementation of the Hodeidah agreement, and the continued violations to the pacification, Maliki--then--called on the United Nations to exert more pressure to implement the Sweden agreement.

The United Nations on Monday announced Saudi support for its Special envoy in Yemen, Martin Griffith.

"they both expressed their support for the work of the UN," said UN spokeswoman "Erie Kanico" at a press conference in New York that Saudi Foreign Minister Ibrahim al-Assaf and the Assistant secretary general of the Gulf Cooperation Council for Political Affairs and negotiations, Abdel Aziz Hamad el-Owashiq In Yemen and the efforts of the envoy "Griffith to end the conflict in this country.

The spokeswoman explained that the position was expressed by the two Saudi officials during their meeting in Riyadh on Monday to help UN secretary general for Political Affairs Rosemary DiCarlo on the first day of her visit to the kingdom.

The Saudi assertion came in contrary to the Yemeni government's reservation and the president's continued refusal to engage with him, without guarantees.

After confirming Saudi support for the direction of the United Nations and its envoy in Hodeidah, the highest institution (the Security Council) issued a statement confirming Griffith's support and the legality of the unilateral redeployment that he sponsored in the ports of Hodeidah, as a positive step.

With all this President Hadi's meeting was just as a formality, if the United Nations does not retreat from supporting the unilateral move, and Saudi Arabia--as the critics of the legitimacy  say-- controls the Yemeni government's full direction.

UAE confirms confidence in UN

The United Arab Emirates has already stated that it is highly confident in the United Nations and its UN envoy, Martin Griffith.

Dr. Anwar Gergash, Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, made the remarks in an interview with the English-speaking Emirati newspaper "the National " earlier this week.

Gergash said in the dialogue that the efforts made by UN special envoy Martin Griffith to stop the slide in the disaster finally make a difference and deserve support (in reference to the Houthis ' formal withdrawal from the ports).

According to Gergash's speech, six months after the Yemeni government and its Houthi opponents signed the Stockholm Convention, Mr. Griffith has the opportunity to overcome the bitter divisions in the country.

"I still feel that the Stockholm accord is basically a framework we can work with," he said. I still feel that Martin Griffith keeps the momentum. The alternatives are very bleak if this process breaks down, it will take a year or two just to assemble into a new process. "

"We have confidence in the UN envoy," the UAE minister stressed his country's confidence in the United Nations operation. We don't have to know every step of it, but we think the momentum needs patience. "

The positive Emirati-Saudi use of the Houthi play in ports and the negative attitude of the legitimate government crisis with the United Nations (Griffith Crisis) is a disappointing attitude, at least at the public level.

As for the government leadership's opinion, it is not the case that its officials have any criticisms or statements, which do not correspond to the direction of the two countries that have been leading a military coalition four years ago in Yemen, but those goals, for which the coalition was launched for, are retreating in favour of future projects and a special agenda that has become a source of peoples  concern and an index of conflicts that may be prolongs even if its name changed.


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